Collecting Ancient Athenian Coins


Coins issued by certain cities or empires took the leading role in dictating which coins were readily acceptable for trade in the Mediterranean lands. One such   city  was  Athens , which established the “Attic standard” that was to be adopted later by Alexander the Great. Silver was used to pay civil servants, soldiers and mercenaries, and it is believed that the latter is the reason that many Greek silver coins were struck in the first place. The non-Greek lands of the Near East issued large quantities of silver coins, most notably the Parthians, Sassanians and Baktrians. These coins vary in style and fabric, the thickness and purity of the planchet on which the coin was struck, and are relatively under valued compared to the more widely collected issues of Greece proper.

In Greek mythology, Athena was the goddess of warfare and wisdom. Later known as Minerva by the Romans, she was the goddess of not only wisdom and battle, but of certain crafts and the protector of all cities and states. At birth, according to one myth, she sprang from the forehead of Zeus, the king of the gods, fully grown and dressed in armor. Athena is usually shown wearing a helmet and a magic shield called the aegis. The goddess Athena was not only wise in war but also in the arts of peace. She supposedly invented the plow and taught men how to yoke oxen. Athena’s chief symbol was the owl and in Greek mythology, the owl is firmly linked with Athena who is usually picture with her owl perched on her shoulder. Some say that is why the owl, in modern times, associated with wisdom.

Athenian coins were used in exchange throughout the Greek world, hoards have been found as far away from  Athens  as Babylon, Afghanistan and Iran. The quantity of Athenian coins minted in last half of the fifth century BC, reflect the changed and powerful position of  Athens  in the eastern Mediterranean, from a small  city-state  defending itself on land against the onslaught of Darius at Marathon,  Athens  grew to be the  center  of an empire whose power was dependent on its control of the sea. From being a partner in and administrative head of the Delian League,  Athens  became its leader and its many  city-state  members paid  Athens  tribute.

Huge sums must have been necessary for the commercial activities of  Athens  port  city , Piraeus, construction atop the Acropolis and in the city, financing of the Athenian fleet, and perennial warfare. The money was derived not only from annual tribute received from the Delian League  city-states , but from rich silver deposits  Athens  owned and mined at Laurium, close to Cape Sunium as well. The mines provide the silver that paid for construction of the fleet that destroyed the Persians at Salamis in 479 BC.

Common to all issues of the coin are the goddess Athena, in profile on the obverse, and the owl, her constant companion, standing on the reverse, a sprig of olive leaves with a berry above its shoulder. Variations in design exist among denominations of the coin.


6 Facts About Sofas Everyone Thinks Are True

All About Traditional Sofas It might be quite difficult in defining what the inclusion is in the category of living room furniture known as the traditional sofas. The reason for this is because these are not simply antiques, but the sofa designs as far more recent which could be considered as traditional. Except that its styles are obviously modern, referring that the traditional sofas are everything that you can ever imagine is surely an easier way in defining what could carry the label. However, there will always be a room for argument, even with this kind of case, since the number of sofas which are being produced nowadays are a combination of traditional with a little twist of a modern style. For most of the individuals, it would not be a necessity for you to make a distinction like such. There is a most likely traditional sofa and an authentic through-and-through traditional sofa, however, most of the buyers of a furniture could not be able to distinguish its difference. For those individuals who are in search for traditional loveseats and sofas, this would leave them thoughts of having a wide range of possibilities. In the world of industry, for most of the furniture buyers, purchasing traditional sofas and chair would mean that they must be going to a certain local furniture store and have to pick what comes into their liking. Anyone would take that as the first action to do even in our present day, but another option is available which is going online and check whatever they might find. This could be very good strategy as a good idea in the market prices along with the designs as well which is currently in the fashion trends is what would be provided by this, in addition to that, this could also be on their way in being included in the traditional designs along with the modern ones. In our present day, the chesterfield sofa is one which had become a part of the legend. For any person who has a love for a plush and good furniture, he or she might have already appreciated and heard of the value of what the chesterfield furniture brings.
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Now, this brand has been on their way on the top to be known for their classy and old furniture. What comes to the minds of the people when you say chesterfield is that they have furniture which is a vintage. Whether it is in your living room or hall, have a piece of furniture from them for your home, it would really provide you a different kind of feeling.
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You can try searching for chesterfield sofas, you could take a look at their leather, fabric, velvet and more traditional sofas.

Smart Ideas: Homes Revisited

5 Great Sources To Hire Real Estate Investors If you’re searching for a real estate investor, you’re lucky to find this article as I will provide you top 5 sources where you can find one. Number 1. Auctions – this is a good place where you can meet responsible, professional and serious real estate investors since the rules here demand that the winning bidder to close on the property ASAP. What this mean is, people who are going into these kinds of events are the ones who have serious intentions and know what they’re doing are going in such events. So it is going to be a great idea to pay a visit to auctions and while you’re there, see to it that you talk to as many people as possible particularly those who have winning bids. Number 2. Landlord association meetings and real estate investors association – most cities and all states have such association which meet regularly. Make sure that you have attended these meetings because this is going to help you not just to stay on top of latest developments in the real estate market of your local area but it will let you meet experts as well as local investors too.
What I Can Teach You About Houses
The fact that these said meetings are held periodically give you the chance of building your professional relations with the investors by meeting them on a regular basis. Moreover, you must not limit yourself to your city or state, try to attend meetings of such associations in nearby towns too.
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Number 3. Chamber of commerce events – likewise, many towns have their local branch of chamber of commerce so you can go to its meetings and other events in order to meet professionals from law, finance, accounting and of course, real estate. Number 4. Trade shows – as you decide to attend these kinds of exhibits and shows in your city or even outside of it, it’ll give you the chance to see new contractors, lenders, investors, building suppliers and other professionals who are in the real estate industry. Number 5. Internet and social media – Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook and Instagram are offering great opportunities to connect with other professionals and real estate investors. Social media is giving you added advantage of continuing to build your real estate investment network right at the comfort of your office or home. In addition to that, when reading articles or blogs that are related to real estate, always be sure to leave relevant question. This will help you find meaningful engagement discussions with people in the US or outside your native countries who are willing to answer issues you have. As you do this, you are going to get valuable info on which professional you should hire and where to find them.

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Options Available From Kitchen And Bathroom Showrooms Having the rights fixtures in the kitchen and the bathroom is important. With the right installations in place the overall appearance of the room is improved considerably alongside offering better comfort to the users. Showrooms offer display to a wide range of fixture designs featuring varying client needs. This means it is important for potential buyers to visit different showrooms and enjoy making selection of the most fitting pieces. Taste and preferences vary between clients and this is better indicated by the range of choices available in the showrooms. A wide variety of exclusive materials are used in production of the appliances available giving a wider choice to buyers. With the wide difference in apartment designs, the appliances on offer are created to easily integrate and match without raising the need to remodel the room. Buyers enjoy interaction with showroom attendants who always provide with detailed information on various products on display thus offering them assistance in selection of the best options. Varying bathroom needs for clients are solved at the showrooms through the wide variety of appliances on display. These include a variety of showers, bathtubs, lights, taps and soap holders to name just a few. A wide range of products in different designs, sizes and costs are available to cater for the wide range of individual client preferences. Products are sourced from different manufacturers and this increases the available choices ensuring there is an ideal product to solve the needs of each client.
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Showrooms extend an extra service to the buyers to ensure they make informed choices and enjoy the shopping process. Sales attendants welcome clients and take time to understand their needs in order to guide them on the best selections from the display. Once a purchase is made, services that include transport to the client’s apartment are offered to ensure the appliances bought arrive in one piece. Showrooms operate alongside installation experts who are referred to offer assistance to the buyer in the event the installation service is not provided as part of the package. Others provide buyer with Do-It-Yourself instruction to guide buyers on installation of new products.
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Showrooms offer clients a platform to make the best choice of products. Clients can easily compare product descriptions, costs and features some of the ideal factors in making the appropriate choice of products. Further, clients can request for customization of the available products to create a unique and best fitting in accordance to individual taste. Online stores are operated by the showrooms to offer clients an easier and easily accessible option to the products on sale. Current information on products is provided on this platform for easy access by clients. Through the websites, the clients also access customer service platforms through chats and mails to have all questions addressed.

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Guide to Talent Management Software Identifying a person’s natural skills, talents, personality, and traits for the purpose of retaining him the in the company for years is the very heart of talent management. One of the great benefits that talent management gives to a company is that in the long run you save on time since you do not keep on recruiting new employees to replace the ones that has resigned, or when your talented employees leave the company for whatever reason there is. Every company will then benefit from using talent management software. One of the responsibilities of HR is to recognize the talent of each person and the specific job profile that is suited for his talents; this way it will not only be beneficial to the company but it also give the employee work satisfaction. HR personnel do not possess good management or talent management skills by default. This skill has to be learned and practice and in time one becomes adept at recognizing and appraising deserving candidates. This also includes career and succession planning for employees that can benefit both the company and the employees. A professional talent management software can help HR personnel follow career and succession planning for employees. This software helps organizations to effectively identify successors for crucial and demanding positions that further help the organization to develop and retain talent. The software recognizes talent and makes sure that these individuals are retained not only for the present needs, but also for future ones. With talent management software, career and succession plans are provide; it also includes steps that can help the company understand and identify significant positions and staff, and helps the employees develop and manage their individual career plans. The existing workforce is controlled by this system and plans are prepared for the future. Career and succession planning helps employees to be satisfied with their work and become increasingly productive. This also includes learning recommendations from time to time. This learning helps support and enhance the care of individual employee. Organizations and vision of the company are then understood by these employees and strictly followed. Talent management software helps employees take charge of their careers and this is through career planning. What talent management software helps employees to do are the following: check out different career paths, compare their skill requirements for targeted roles against their present skills, and identify learning and development opportunities to prepare for a new role. With this software they can measure their progress, improve their performance, and make themselves capable and fit to apply for a certain internal promotion. Retention of talented workforce, savings in time and money, and increased productivity are the benefits of using talent management software for organizations.5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Software

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Discovering The Truth About Health

Finding Better Ways to Take Care of Your Health When you talk to people about the biggest concerns that they have in their lives, you’ll generally hear that staying health is at the top of the list. With all of the great information that we have about how to manage our health and to ensure that we’re staying on top of everything, you shouldn’t have too much trouble staying healthy for a long time. Still, you may find that it becomes a little bit difficult to be able to really keep track of all things you’ll have to do regarding your health care. Fortunately, you will generally be able to keep yourself heading in the right direction if you can stick to just a couple of simple principles of health care. By getting regular checkups at the doctor, keeping your weight under control, and living a health lifestyle, you’ll frequently be able to take care of a lot of the various health issues you might have. In the article below, we’ll look at a few of these ideas to see how you can really end up implementing them in your life. The first thing you will have to do is figure out how to get some quick care whenever you end up with some type of minor health issue. There are a lot of general practitioners and other types of clinic experts who will be able to help with this type of work. For a wide range of people who will simply need someone who can assure them that they’re going about everything the right way, you’ll find that the best thing to do will be to look around for a walk-in clinic who can handle any sudden questions you have.
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Of course, you might also have to take some more drastic action when it comes to having a bit too much weight on your body. Because of the fact that there are so many delicious foods to eat, people will frequently become obese before they even know it. This is when it might be a good idea to check out some kind of weight loss surgery that can help you reduce what you eat and help you to start losing the weight you’ll have to lose.
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There is no doubt that you can check out many different types of things when you’re hoping to improve the kind of health that you are able to enjoy. You’ll generally find that people feel quite a bit healthier when they’ve been able to find the kinds of routines and care centers that are right for them.

Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Businesses? This May Help

The Most Effective Pest Control Methods Green vermin control is not to mean incapable vermin control; rather, it is about integrated vermin management or IPM. A pest control organization that incorporates the utilization of IPM believes prevention, customer awareness, and training, creating inspections are all essential for controlling pests. Integrated pest management starts with understanding how and why a pest got to a home or building. Experts in this field are educated about the life cycle of vermin and their preferable nesting locales. For this reason, they can use creative pest prevention methods that are less harmful to plants, homes, pets, and people. IPM uses judgment skills techniques in conjunction with naturally sensitive substances. For example, as opposed to utilizing unsafe chemicals to stop the return of a bug, pests control professionals may introduce precaution materials, for example, new window and door screens, fresh caulking, new door sweeps, among others. The experts may as well set up traps to understand other areas a pest may live or install solar powered repellents as an alternative to utilizing harmful chemicals.
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Pest control things that are green are made of natural and natural constituents. Also, these products are engineered to be biodegradable and equally as efficient as their non-green counterparts.
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Green pest management practices help enhance the health and structure of plants, as they give a biologically based option to chemical sprays. The control strategies applied in IPM are benign and for that reason reduce the environmental risk usually related to conventional pest management, for instance, ground water contamination. IPM in addition assists in reducing the danger of an infestation and saves on expenses. Rather than spraying a multi-purpose pesticide everywhere on a plagued property, IPM specialists utilize a procedure that sets an action limit, monitors the vermin to identify them, stops their return and utilizes control strategies. When an action threshold is established, the expert learns how big an infestation is, how much of a danger the pests pose, and establish the type of immediate action required. When an IPM expert monitors pests, he is ensuring that he identifies the pest properly. The appropriate identification of a pest ensures the correct sorts of pesticides are used; however pesticides are avoided if they are not required. Prevention of vermin attacks is one of the biggest components to green irritation control. IPM incorporates identification and solving problems that make a house or structure welcoming to vermin. Prevention is cost effective and does not endanger the health of individuals or the earth. In the event that pests’ avoidance procedures are ineffective independently, control strategies are required. At the point when specialists execute a control strategy, they initially look at it for hazard and suitability. Methods that pose the least risk, like traps or the use of pheromones to disrupt mating, are utilized first.

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Why You Should Purchase Board Shorts Board shorts are becoming popular among the young generation. Many youths choose wearing it during summertime. Men are also not left behind in this rapidly growing trend. Many types of swimsuits are unisex. However, this one can serve both genders correctly. This pair of shorts is very common among youth because of its uniqueness in matching other wears. This swimwear does not tightly fit the body, and it leaves room for free body movement unlike other swim wears which are so tight and uncomfortable. For quite a long time now, board shorts have been left for sports personalities only, but nowadays, this trend has drastically changed, and everyone else is putting them on due to their comfort. Board shorts are often made of light fabric material. This material makes it easy to dry within a very short period. This short is no longer for sports activities alone. You can put them on when you are in an informal setting around your home or move in your neighborhood. For a long time, men have linked flowered clothes to ladies. This thought has changed, and many people are beginning to appreciate clothes with flower prints. There is a broad selection of board shorts which are available in many colors and patterns, but that which stands out are those with flower prints. The shorts have bright, conspicuous colors such red, orange and green.
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There are many of advantages in purchasing men’s board shorts in-person. Buying the short yourself will be appropriate as you will have the one with the right size for you. Again, you will have the chance to choose that which can match with other clothes in your collection. If you have a particular choice, it is best to purchase board shorts from a local store instead of online stores.
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For big bodied men, it means that they will seek plus size swimwear. It may be very challenging to get big board shorts for such men. The ordinary local store may not stock extra-large size shorts. Even when they do, you will probably find the choice is limited. Many shops sell the average sizes which fit a majority of people so that they can earn profits. Big size individual is not well catered for because they are few; thus they cannot fetch much money. Although, this trend is slowly beginning to change as most retailers are trying to capitalize on the population of large size individuals. Such people may also decide to exploit the internet option to buy board shorts from online stores. Many people make a mistake by buying cheap board shorts. This error is costly because you will want to purchase a new short due to its low quality. Such shorts will fade out easily and get torn after a short time. High-quality board shorts are durable and comfortable.

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The Importance of Employing A Real Estate Lawyer. Transactions that involve real estate can be quite difficult. The whole process to carry out the transaction is very hard and that’s why you require a real estate lawyer to accomplish the job for you. An attorney is knowledgeable in the whole process and should be hired. You should look into many factors before you employ a certain lawyer for the task. Recruiting a qualified real estate lawyer comes with many benefits. The rights of the seller are protected by the attorney. The the lawyer explains to you all the documents and the places that you are supposed to put your signature. The lawyer helps you to solve any issue that may happen to occur with your tittle deed. The lawyer helps you to solve any kind of problem before it arise. When selling your property, all the negotiations to be made are conducted by your lawyer on your behalf. The benefit of having a lawyer to do the negotiations for you is that you will be favored more than the buyer of your property.
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The lawyer helps you to understand the taxes and other legal processes to be carried out after or before the transaction. It is a must you pay a certain percentage of the total sales to the government as tax. To prevent you from having regrets in the future, you should hire a qualified lawyer.
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Additionally, you should hire a lawyer who you are comfortable with to discuss any matters arising concerning your real estate property. By hiring a trustworthy lawyer will be of great benefit to you. You should consider hiring a lawyer who can handle the security of transaction and also the insurance well. There are some attorneys who have no knowledge of the security deposits and insurance, and Such lawyers should not be employed at all. The competence of the lawyer should be one of the qualities to check before hiring a lawyer. Lawsuits cases always occur when dealing with real estate selling. It is good to employ a lawyer who is knowledgeable on matters of the lawsuits to prevent any problem from arising. The lawyer will handle all the problems that occur during the transaction process. The skills of the lawyer should be among the first things to put into consideration when hiring a real estate lawyer. A qualified lawyer will be in a position to do all the things needed for the transaction to be successful. You should hire a lawyer who has a license and an insurance cover. It is advisable to employ an attorney who is highly qualified for the job. In conclusion, lawyers are very important in any real estate transaction. It is advisable to hire lawyers who are experienced and have the right qualifications for that particular field. This will make your transaction process become easy and smooth.

Interesting Research on Condos – What No One Ever Told You

What To Consider Before Purchasing a Condo Acquiring a condo is one of the best pieces investment a person can make. However, it is important to understand that you’ll need time,guidance and patience before you land your dream condo. Selecting the best condo is not a walk in the pack, if you consider the number of options available in the marketplace. If you make your selection based on a number of factors, then finding the ideal condo will actually become easy. The article that follows summarizes some of the factors one should put into consideration when purchasing a condo. After going through this info, it hoped that you are going to make a good choice. Here are the factors to consider without wasting too much time. Understand Your Spend Every year, real estate prices continue to rise. However, it is important to understand that not all kinds of properties register an increase. The prices of condo increase rapidly because they are located in the center of most cities. It is critical to know your budget, if you are planning to purchase a condo. One should never go for condos that are beyond their means. Going with properties that are within your means is highly suggested. When you know your budget, it even becomes easy to get the right mortgage financing.
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Hire a Realtor
5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Properties
It is not easy to find the condo of your dreams. If you do not know your way around, the the process could take most of your time. Because of this, it is highly recommended that you consider hiring a realtor. Such experts have in depth knowledge on the local real estate market. If you employ the services of such experts, then finding your dream condo will be quite easy. Condo Maintenance Fees In order to gauge whether you can afford a condo or not, you ought to find out more information regarding the maintenance costs involved. Some of the prices quoted do not include maintenance costs. In essence, it means that prices can mislead some time.Before you invest your money into a condo, you better get your maths right. The property might otherwise be costly to you. Great View It is important to but a condo that has a good view. You therefore ought to ensure that the condo you want to acquire has awesome view. Condo with nice view usually fetch good amounts. You can always resell at profit if you put your money into such properties. Aside from great views, a condos should also come with a number of essential amenities. Critical amenities can be things such as a shared swimming pool and a parking lot. The above mentioned factors can help you get the condo of you dream. Otherwise, purchasing condo without a plan is going to be a disaster.